History of the Schools of Agriculture
Institutionalised agricultural education for middle level agriculturists was started in 1916 at the School of Tropical Agriculture, Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya. The school provided practical agricultural training for future agricultural instructors, headmen, teachers and students interested in agriculture. In 1941 it was relocated in Gannoruwa, in new buildings now occupied by the In-service Training Institute. The Girl’s Farm School was inaugurated in 1948 at Kundasale, and in 1958 a second School of Agriculture was started on the same premises. The medium of instruction was Sinhala and Tamil. In 1966 the school in Peradeniya was amalgamated with the school at Kundasale. Two more Schools of Agriculture for men only started in 1981 at Palwehera and Angunakolapelessa. In 1990 another School of Agriculture was started at Vavunia. Then 1994 five more Schools of Agriculture were started at Karapincha, Anuradhapura, Labuduwa, Wariyapola and Bibile. At present two years Diploma in Agriculture programme is conducted in the Schools of Agriculture (SOAA) Kundasale, Pelwehera, Angunakolapallassa, Vavunia, and Karapincha.One Year Practical Agriculture training Course is conducted in SOAA Anuradhapura, Labuduwa, Bibile and Wariyapola.
Present Situation of Schools of Agriculture
The Sri Lanka School of Agriculture (SOAA) of the Department of Agriculture (DOA), Sri Lanka offer two year Diploma in Agriculture program in five different locations at Kundasale in Kandy District, Palwehera at Matale District, Angunakolapallassa in Hambantota district, Vavunia in Vavunia district, and Karapincha in Rathnapura district. The SOA Kundasale conducts the training in Sinhala, Tamil, and English medium while SOA Pelwehera, Angunakolapallassa and Karapincha use Sinhala language as instructional media. The SOA, Vavunia offers the program in Tamil medium. Annual student intake for these four institutions is about 265.The intermediate level agricultural education is given for farming interested youths after completion of secondary level education and for service personals. In the Diploma in Agriculture program 60 % of the classes are conducted for theory and 40 % of the classes are conducted for practical. Each theory class is one-hour duration and each practical class is two-hour duration. More emphasis is given for skill development.
To be achieving excellence in intermediate agricultural education for national prosperity.
To provide formal intermediate agricultural education to farming interested youths and service personals through conducting two-year agricultural diploma programme for human resource development in agriculture sector for sustainable agricultural development.
Objectives of the School of Agriculture
- To own and operate on farm or off farm agricultural enterprises.
- To get employment in private or non-government organizations in agricultural sector
- To get employment in government organizations as intermediate technical officers in the agricultural sector
- To continue to follow formal, informal, training programs or academic programs to improve the carrier development.